Ensuring proper oral care during adolescence is important for lifelong dental health. The teenage years are a time of growth, change, and increasing independence. Although these are exciting times filled with significant anniversaries, your teen's oral health may suffer as a result of stressors that affect other areas of their life. Teeth clenching or grinding is one often-ignored side effect of teen stress.
The Teen Lifestyle: Challenges and Choices
Teens and young adults face unique challenges when it comes to oral health. Unhealthy dietary choices, such as sports and energy drinks loaded with sugar, contribute to tooth decay and enamel breakdown. Opting for water or sugar-free flavored alternatives can make a significant difference. Additionally, the stress associated with adolescence can lead to clenching and teeth grinding, a condition known as bruxism.
What Is Bruxism?
Bruxism is a condition where individuals grind, clench, or gnash their teeth regularly. It manifests in two forms.
Awake bruxism: Occurs while the individual is conscious.
Sleep bruxism: Happens during sleep. Sleep bruxism, often linked to sleep-related movement disorders, requires attention due to its potential connection to other sleep issues like snoring and sleep apnea.
Symptoms of Bruxism
Recognizing the symptoms of bruxism is crucial for early intervention. These may include audible teeth grinding, fractured or chipped teeth, increased tooth sensitivity, jaw pain, and headaches. If left untreated, severe cases can lead to more significant issues, such as jaw disorders and periodontal disease.
For example, in severe cases, bruxism can contribute to the dislocation or subluxation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This occurs when the joint moves out of its normal position, causing pain, clicking sounds, and difficulty in opening or closing the mouth.
Causes of Bruxism
The causes of bruxism are multifaceted and may involve physical, psychological, or genetic factors. Awake bruxism can be exacerbated by stress, anxiety, and some medications; sleep bruxism can be impacted by dreams and sleep patterns.
Bruxism Treatment Options
Early intervention and appropriate treatment are crucial in managing bruxism. At The Children's Dental Center, we offer a range of treatment options tailored to the severity and underlying causes of the condition.
We may recommend mouthguards or splints. Mouth guards are dental devices designed to cover and protect the teeth, gums, and sometimes the jaw. They are typically made of durable, flexible materials, such as plastic, and can be customized to fit your teen's mouth comfortably. Here are some common types of mouthguards and their purposes:
Night Guards (or Dental Splints)
● Purpose: Used to address issues like bruxism (teeth grinding) and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.
● Use: Worn during sleep to prevent the grinding of teeth, reduce jaw clenching, and alleviate associated symptoms such as jaw pain, headaches, and tooth damage.
● Design: Custom-made by a dentist based on impressions of the individual's teeth for a precise fit, providing optimal protection and comfort.
2. Stress Management
Addressing stress and anxiety is integral to managing bruxism.
Here are some stress management techniques tailored for teenagers:
Mindfulness and Meditation
Mindfulness involves staying present and fully engaging in the current moment. Meditation, on the other hand, encourages focused attention or relaxation to calm the mind.
Your teen can try guided mindfulness exercises or meditation apps that offer short sessions. Deep breathing exercises can also be a simple form of meditation.
Exercise is a powerful stress reliever that releases endorphins, the body's natural mood lifters.
Your teen can find an activity they enjoy, whether it's jogging, dancing, yoga, or team sports. Regular physical activity is not only beneficial for the body but also for mental well-being.
Learning to manage time effectively can help you feel less overwhelmed by tasks.
Your teen can use planners, calendars, or digital apps to organize tasks and set realistic deadlines. Breaking down large projects into smaller, manageable steps can also make them more achievable.
Healthy Lifestyle Choices
A balanced diet, proper hydration, and adequate sleep contribute to overall well-being and better stress management.
Encourage your teen to eat nutritious meals, stay hydrated, and establish a consistent sleep routine. Avoidance of excessive caffeine, sugar, and junk food can also positively impact mood and energy levels.
Hobbies and Creative Outlets
Encourage your teen to explore and pursue hobbies, whether it's writing, drawing, playing a musical instrument, or any creative outlet that brings joy and relaxation.
Setting Realistic Expectations
Recognizing and accepting that perfection is unattainable can reduce self-imposed stress.
Your teen should set realistic goals, prioritize tasks, and understand that mistakes are part of the learning process. Encourage a growth mindset where challenges are viewed as opportunities for learning and improvement.
Taking a break from screens and social media can reduce information overload and comparison-related stress.
Establishing designated times for screen use, turning off notifications, and promoting face-to-face interactions can help create a healthier relationship with technology.
3. Treating Underlying Issues
If bruxism is a symptom of another issue, such as sleep apnea or gastroesophageal reflux disease, addressing the underlying problem is essential for comprehensive treatment.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by interruptions in breathing during sleep. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic condition where stomach acid regularly flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and inflammation.
We recommend taking your teen to your healthcare provider for a thorough health assessment if you notice that your teen exhibits signs of teeth-grinding.